About us
May 22, 2023
min Read

Crypto Currency Staking Explained

Dive into crypto staking, its role in blockchain, and its impact on digital finance. Learn about its rewards, risks, and pivotal place in the ecosystem

Table of Contents


Navigating the World of Crypto Staking

As we delve into the fascinating world of cryptocurrencies, it becomes almost impossible to ignore the buzz surrounding the concept of crypto staking. With a fresh approach to earning rewards and a profound impact on the crypto-verse, staking is reshaping the way investors engage with digital currencies. 

The introduction of crypto staking has presented an alluring avenue for crypto enthusiasts to maximize their crypto assets' potential. Rather than merely holding onto these assets, staking offers the opportunity to generate passive income, making it a noteworthy strategy within the ever-evolving crypto landscape.

Crypto Staking: A Cornerstone of the Blockchain Ecosystem

Crypto staking has not only altered the cryptocurrency investment outlook but has also become a fundamental component of the broader blockchain ecosystem. But what exactly makes it so significant? 

In essence, staking serves as the backbone of Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanisms, an alternative to the energy-intensive Proof of Work (PoW) system. Staking is, in many ways, the lifeblood of PoS-based blockchains. It promotes network security, fosters decentralization, and ensures transaction validation, fortifying the trust in blockchain technology. 

In the world of cryptocurrencies, change is the only constant. And as we continue to explore the manifold opportunities this arena presents, understanding concepts like crypto staking becomes imperative. So, join us as we embark on this journey to unravel the complexities of crypto staking, demystifying its concepts, and appreciating its profound implications on the digital finance landscape.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Introduction to cryptocurrency

Touted as the fiscal revelation of the 21st century, Cryptocurrency stands as a beacon, illuminating the capabilities of digital virtuosity. The question persists though: What precisely encapsulates cryptocurrency?

Stripped to its essence, to explain in simple terms, cryptocurrency is a form of digital or virtual money that's protected by complex codes known as cryptography. Unlike traditional currencies like the dollar or euro, which are managed and regulated by central banks, cryptocurrencies operate independently, without any central control. This makes them a key part of a decentralized financial system.

Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, Ethereum, along with a myriad of others, encompass more than mere digital fiscal units. They inaugurate a tectonic shift in the perception and engagement with economic mechanisms. Whether employed in transactions, future investment planning, or propelling tech breakthroughs, cryptocurrencies form the vanguard of a digital metamorphosis that transcends simple pecuniary value.

Understanding the underlying technology: blockchain

The secret sauce that makes cryptocurrencies work, and the reason they could change things up, is a technology called blockchain.

Blockchain is a system where transaction information is stored across many computers in a way that the information can't be changed unless all the following blocks are also changed. In simpler words, it's like a permanent, public record of all cryptocurrency transactions.

Why is this important? Mainly, blockchain makes things clear and open, gets rid of the need for middlemen, and significantly lowers the chance of fake transactions or spending the same money twice. It's a system where every participant, also known as a node, can see the whole blockchain.

In addition, blockchain allows for new ideas like smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps). These aren't just about money—they could affect areas like managing supply chains, healthcare, and more.

Basics of Crypto Staking

Understanding Crypto Staking: A New Way of Passive Income

In essence, crypto staking is a process where a cryptocurrency holder locks or holds their crypto assets in a blockchain system to perform various operations such as transaction validation, security enhancement, and network maintenance. This participation in the network’s operations is incentivized, meaning the users get rewarded with additional cryptocurrency for their staking efforts.

As an analogy, think of staking as placing your money in a traditional savings account, where your funds are held for a certain period while you earn interest. Crypto staking functions on a similar premise, where instead of interest, you receive staking rewards.

The Staking Process: How It Works

While the premise of staking seems simple, the actual process involves complex mechanisms. When you stake your cryptocurrencies, you essentially delegate them to help maintain the operations of a blockchain that uses a Proof of Stake (PoS) or similar consensus mechanism. 

Here's a simplified step-by-step breakdown:

  1. Choose a cryptocurrency that supports staking
  2. Hold a certain amount of that cryptocurrency in a blockchain wallet
  3. Lock these crypto assets in the blockchain network for a certain period
  4. Participate in network activities like validating transactions or mining new blocks
  5. Earn rewards in the form of additional cryptocurrencies

Proof of Stake (PoS) versus Proof of Work (PoW): 

Understanding crypto staking also requires an appreciation of its roots in the Proof of Stake consensus mechanism. PoS is often contrasted with Proof of Work (PoW), the original consensus mechanism introduced by Bitcoin.

Under PoW, miners compete to solve complex mathematical problems to add a new block to the blockchain. It’s a resource-intensive process, requiring significant computational power and energy.

In contrast, PoS eliminates the competitive aspect of mining. Instead, validators (those who stake their coins) are chosen to create new blocks based on the number of coins they are willing to 'stake' as collateral. The more coins they stake, the higher the chances of being chosen. This results in a system that is more energy-efficient, and arguably more democratic, opening the doors to anyone willing to stake their coins.

The introduction of staking and PoS has marked a new chapter in the evolution of blockchain technology. It has created new opportunities and challenges alike, paving the way for an exciting journey into the future of cryptocurrencies.

Deeper Dive into Crypto Staking

Deciphering Staking Methods: Staking Pools vs Solo Staking

In the world of crypto staking, two primary methods stand out: staking pools and solo staking. Solo staking, as the name suggests, involves an individual staker using their own resources to validate transactions and create new blocks. This method provides total control and the full reward to the staker, but it also requires a substantial amount of crypto assets and robust technical knowledge.

Contrarily, staking pools act as a collective, allowing multiple stakeholders to combine their resources to increase their chances of validating blocks and earning rewards. It's the cryptocurrency equivalent of pooling tickets in a lottery. The resulting rewards are then distributed among the pool participants, typically in proportion to their staked assets. This collaborative approach makes staking more accessible to individuals who might not have the means to stake alone.

Inflation's Role: The Double-Edged Sword

A critical aspect of crypto staking is understanding the role of inflation. Inflation refers to the increase in supply of a cryptocurrency, and in the context of staking, it's often seen as a double-edged sword.

On one hand, inflation is the source of staking rewards. As the supply of the cryptocurrency increases, these additional coins are often distributed as rewards to those who stake their coins. On the other hand, if not carefully managed, high inflation rates can decrease the value of a cryptocurrency, as more coins in circulation can lead to decreased demand per unit.

This delicate balance between reward generation and value preservation is a key consideration when deciding which cryptocurrencies to stake.

Unveiling the Key Players: Validators and Nominators

The ecosystem of crypto staking is largely driven by two entities: validators and nominators.

Validators are the participants who take on the responsibility of creating new blocks and validating transactions. They're the ones who lock up their own coins as stake and run the necessary software to actively participate in the blockchain's operation.

Nominators, on the other hand, delegate their stake to validators. They do not actively participate in the operational aspects of the network but contribute their coins to increase a validator's stake. In return, they share in the rewards (and potentially the risks) that the validator earns.

These roles collectively uphold the integrity of the staking process, each contributing to the robustness and security of the blockchain network.

Benefits and Risks of Crypto Staking

Is Staking Crypto Worth it? The Rewarding Side of Staking

One of the significant draws to crypto staking is the potential for returns. By staking their crypto assets, users have the opportunity to earn a passive income in the form of staking rewards. These returns vary based on the cryptocurrency being staked, the amount of time the coins are staked for, and the overall performance of the network.

It's important to understand that these are not guaranteed returns. However, as the staking ecosystem matures and the adoption of staking increases, there's potential for these returns to become a reliable source of income for committed crypto investors.

Addressing Security Concerns: The Imperative of Vigilance

Crypto staking, like any investment, carries risks - particularly in terms of security. With staking, your crypto assets are locked in a network, making them a potential target for cyber threats. It's important for stakers to ensure their wallets are secure and they are using reputable platforms for their staking activities.

Blockchain's inherent security measures, such as encryption and decentralized structures, can provide a certain level of protection. But as with all online activities, personal vigilance and due diligence are paramount for mitigating risks.

Slashing: The Double-Edged Sword of Staking

In the realm of crypto staking, the term 'slashing' is often used to describe the risk of losing staked coins. This usually occurs in networks using the Proof of Stake consensus mechanism as a way to punish dishonest or unreliable validators.

For instance, if a validator tries to manipulate the system or fails to stay online and perform their duties, a part or all of their staked coins could be 'slashed' or forfeited. In some networks, the nominators who delegate their stake to these validators can also face slashing.

Slashing serves as a powerful deterrent to misbehavior and helps to uphold the integrity of the network. However, it also underscores the importance of careful validator selection and network participation for those staking their crypto assets.

Engaging in crypto staking is an exciting venture that can potentially yield lucrative returns. However, like all investment avenues, it comes with its own set of challenges. By comprehending the benefits

Staking Different Cryptocurrencies 

The Top Players in Crypto Staking - Best crypto staking coins

As the popularity of crypto staking ascends, numerous cryptocurrencies that offer staking have made their mark as commendable contenders. 


To become an Ethereum validator, you must meet specific requirements. Primarily, you need to hold a minimum of 32 ETH (Ethereum tokens) and run an Eth2 client. Just as every action has a reaction, every contribution in the Ethereum staking model has a corresponding reward or penalty. Staking rewards are proportional to the amount of ETH you stake, thus incentivizing active participation. On the other hand, penalties (also known as slashing) ensure network security by penalizing validators who fail to perform their duties or act maliciously. Not everyone can afford the required 32 ETH or the responsibilities of becoming a full-fledged validator. That's where Eth2 staking pools come into play. They enable users to stake their Ethereum tokens collectively, thus lowering the barrier to entry and democratizing the staking process.

For more information on staking in Ethereum refer to the Ethereum blockchain documentation.


Unlike many of its peers, employs a unique consensus algorithm known as Proof of History (PoH) that gives it an edge in terms of scalability and speed. But how does this blend with staking, you might wonder? The answer lies in its intricate network architecture that uses PoH in conjunction with Proof of Stake (PoS), effectively combining the efficiency of PoH and the security of PoS.

Stakers in Solana, also known as delegators, pledge their SOL tokens to validators, who then participate in the consensus process. The system rewards these delegators with inflationary SOL tokens as an incentive for their contribution to the network's security. By staking, delegators contribute to the overall stake of their chosen validator, increasing their vote weight in the consensus mechanism. Solana staking offers considerable rewards in the form of newly minted SOL tokens. These rewards are distributed proportionally based on the amount of SOL staked. Importantly, while staking SOL does not guarantee a fixed rate of return, the rewards often provide an attractive incentive for token holders.

For more information on staking in Solana refer to the Solana documentation.


The enticement of staking on the Cosmos Network lies within the manifold possibilities it opens up for blockchain enthusiasts. First and foremost, the prospect of revenue generation presents itself. When you stake ATOM, the native cryptocurrency of Cosmos, it translates into the opportunity to earn inflationary block rewards and transaction fees. Beyond the monetary aspect, staking plays a substantial role in fortifying the network's security. Validators, especially those with a larger stake, are more likely to be chosen to create new blocks. This not only amplifies the network's security but also instills a sense of contribution and participation among the stakers. Furthermore, staking isn't just about security and earnings. It also endows stakers with governance rights, allowing them a say in critical decisions and updates. Thus, staking on the Cosmos Network becomes an engaging prospect that intertwines earning potential, security contribution, and participatory governance into a singular, cohesive experience.

For more information on staking in Cosmos refer to the Cosmos documentation  


Built on principles of decentralization, scalability, and security, Polkadot's staking protocol stands tall as an exemplar in the blockchain space. When users stake their DOT tokens, they actively contribute to the network's resilience. This mechanism safeguards the Polkadot network from potential threats while offering the stakers an opportunity to earn rewards. Polkadot's staking model hinges on the roles of nominators and validators - the two essential players in our staking ecosystem. The synergy between these roles is what ensures the smooth functioning and security of our network. Validators form the cornerstone of Polkadot's staking mechanism. Their primary role involves proposing and validating blocks to maintain the network's integrity. Validators are chosen based on their staked DOT tokens and reputation. They bear a significant responsibility and are adequately rewarded for their commitment. Nominators, on the other hand, play a key role in backing validators with their staked DOT tokens. They do not participate directly in network operations but indirectly bolster the network's security by supporting trusted validators.To deter malicious behaviors, we have implemented the slashing mechanism. When a validator acts dishonestly or incompetently, a portion of their staked DOT tokens are 'slashed,' reinforcing the network's security and ensuring stakeholder's confidence.

For more information on staking in Polkadot refer to the Polkadot documenttion


Cardano uses a unique PoS model known as Ouroboros. ADA holders can participate in staking by delegating their stake to a stake pool or running their own stake pool, enabling them to earn rewards while assisting in the network's security and stability.Cardano's Ouroboros PoS protocol redefines the conventional consensus mechanisms. It eliminates the need for intense computational power, ensuring an energy-efficient, democratic, and secure environment. Here, ADA holders contribute to network security, transaction validation, and block production proportional to their stake, making it a truly democratized system.

For more information on staking in Cardano refer to Cardano's documentation

How to Start Staking Crypto

Staking cryptocurrency can be a lucrative investment to earn passive income while also contributing to the security and efficiency of a blockchain network. If you're keen on venturing into this profitable avenue, follow these basic steps and guidelines to get started.

Steps to Start Staking Crypto

1. Understand the Staking Process

Before you start investing in crypto, it's important to have a clear understanding of the staking process. It involves "locking" a certain amount of cryptocurrency in a wallet to support a blockchain network's operations, such as validating transactions. In return, you can earn rewards or interest (APY). Using a calculator to get an idea of the expected returns is adviced.

2. Choose the Right Wallet

Once you're familiar with the staking process, you'll need to choose a wallet that supports your chosen crypto. Some cryptocurrencies require a specific wallet, while others are compatible with various wallet types. Always opt for a secure and reliable wallet that suits your needs. For more information on wallets click here

3. Buy Cryptocurrency for Staking

After setting up your wallet, the next step is to buy the cryptocurrency you plan to stake. This can typically be done on a crypto exchange. Ensure that the cryptocurrency you buy is compatible with your chosen wallet and staking method. A word of advice: avoid using credit cards, getting an equity loan or credit in general to buy crypto for staking, even if the difference in yield (APY) between your Fiat currency and your staked crypto looks enticing. Crypto is known for its volatility, and staking is a process that might lock your crypto for a period of time, adding to the risk of running out of liquidity in a moment of need.

4. Start the Staking Process

Finally, follow the instructions provided by your wallet or staking platform to stake your cryptocurrency. This typically involves locking a certain amount of crypto in your wallet and allowing it to earn rewards over time.

Guidelines on Choosing the Right Cryptocurrency to Stake

Investing in and choosing the right cryptocurrency for staking is just as crucial as understanding the staking process. When investing, here are some key factors to consider:

  • Profitability: Evaluate the potential returns from investing and staking the cryptocurrency. This includes the rewards rate and any transaction fees you may earn. Using a calculator to forecast your investing income over time is advised.
  • Network Stability:Take into account the stability and security of the cryptocurrency's network you're investing in. A more secure network can often result in more reliable returns.
  • Participation in Governance: Some cryptocurrencies offer stakers voting rights in the network's governance. If this aspect of investing appeals to you, choose a cryptocurrency that offers this feature. Investing in this way can make you a more active participant in your cryptocurrency of choice.

Considerations Before Staking

Before you start staking, it's important to think about several factors:

  • Risk of Loss: Although staking can earn you money, there's always a chance that you might lose your staked cryptocurrency. This could happen if the network is attacked or the value of the cryptocurrency decreases.
  • Liquidity Constraints: Keep in mind that your staked coins are locked in and can't be sold or traded until the staking period is over. Make sure you're okay with not being able to access this money for a while.
  • Accounting Considerations: When it comes to accounting, staking can get a bit complicated. For individuals, staking rewards could be seen as income and therefore could be taxable. If you're a business, you'll need to track the value of the staked coins and any rewards you get for accounting purposes. It's a good idea to talk to your business accountant or financial advisor to make sure you understand the potential tax implications and how to correctly record these transactions in order to comply with the regulations of your jurisdiction.

The Future of Crypto Staking 

The accelerating world of cryptocurrencies continues to evolve, and one element driving this change is staking. Serving as a prominent investment mechanism, it's carving its own pathway within the financial landscape. This section sheds light on potential advancements in staking protocols and explores the anticipated impact of staking on the broader trends within the crypto market.

Unearthing Future Developments in Staking Protocols

As the crypto realm presses forward, staking protocols are poised to undergo significant transformations. Let's consider some potential developments on the horizon.

Superior Security Constructs

In response to the mounting concern for cybersecurity, we expect staking protocols to bolster their security measures. These developments will safeguard not only staked assets but the blockchain networks' operational integrity.

Reward Distribution Innovations

With competition heating up, staking protocols may necessitate the creation of inventive reward distribution mechanisms. Examples could include graduated staking, where the reward yield is dependent on the quantity and staking duration of crypto assets, encouraging substantial and long-term commitments.

Interoperability and Cross-Chain Staking

Looking ahead, we could see increased interoperability among different blockchains, thus permitting cross-chain staking. This innovation could redefine staking, allowing participants to stake single crypto assets across diverse networks and potentially amplifying their returns.

Staking's role in the broader crypto market trends

Staking doesn't exist as an isolated entity; it interacts significantly with larger market trends, wielding an increasingly influential hand.

Championing Decentralization

Staking reinforces the decentralization of blockchain networks by inciting participation from a diverse array of stakeholders. As more networks transition to Proof of Stake (PoS) or integrate staking elements, it's probable that staking will play an instrumental role in promoting the overarching trend of decentralization in the crypto sphere.

Propelling Crypto Adoption

With its attractive proposition of generating passive income while supporting a network's security and efficiency, staking could be a primary driver in promoting mainstream crypto adoption as it becomes more accessible and pervasive.

Impacting Market Dynamics

Staking involves locking up assets for a fixed period, By locking up assets for a specific period, the supply and demand dynamics of staked cryptocurrencies can be altered. This, in turn, can impact the price volatility and overall market value of these staked assets.

In summary, the future of crypto staking holds great potential. As staking protocols mature and adapt, they are expected to have a growing influence on the broader crypto landscape. Whether you actively participate or observe from the sidelines, being part of this journey is exciting and offers opportunities for both investors and enthusiasts alike.


In conclusion, we have explored the fascinating world of crypto staking and its significant role in the blockchain ecosystem. We discussed the basics of staking, including its potential for passive income and its connection to Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus mechanisms. We covered important considerations such as risk, liquidity constraints, and accounting implications.

We also delved into the concept of pooled crypto, highlighting its application beyond staking in the broader realm of decentralized finance (DeFi). Furthermore, we touched upon the potential benefits and risks of crypto staking, emphasizing the importance of security measures and understanding inflation dynamics.

As you continue your journey in the world of cryptocurrencies, we encourage you to further explore and learn about crypto staking. Dive into the specific staking mechanisms of different cryptocurrencies, investigate new opportunities, and stay informed about the evolving landscape. By deepening your knowledge, you can confidently navigate the realm of crypto staking, seize its potential rewards, and contribute to the exciting future of digital finance.

Remember, as with any investment, it's crucial to conduct thorough research, seek advice from professionals, and make informed decisions.

Happy staking!


How does crypto staking make money?

Crypto staking is kind of like putting money in a bank's savings account, but instead of dollars or euros, you use cryptocurrency. When you stake your coins, you lock them up for a while in a blockchain network. This helps the network to validate transactions and keep it secure, and in return, you get rewarded with more coins. The more you stake, the more you can earn. It's a way to make your cryptocurrencies work for you, earning you passive income over time.

Are staking yields better than bank rates?

Staking yields can potentially be higher than bank rates. Banks typically offer low interest rates on savings accounts, while staking rewards can vary depending on the cryptocurrency and the staking protocol. Staking can provide the opportunity for higher returns, especially in comparison to traditional banking options. However, it's important to note that staking involves certain risks and is not guaranteed, as cryptocurrency markets can be volatile. It's always advisable to do thorough research and consider factors like the stability of the cryptocurrency, network security, and potential risks before deciding to stake your crypto assets.

Is staked crypto the same as pooled crypto?

No, staked crypto and pooled crypto are not exactly the same. Staked crypto refers specifically to the process of locking up your coins in a blockchain network to earn rewards. It's a form of active participation in securing the network. Pooled crypto, on the other hand, is a broader concept that can refer to various decentralized finance (DeFi) functions. In the context of staking, pooled crypto refers to the practice of combining resources with others in a staking pool to increase the chances of earning rewards. However, pooled crypto can also apply to other DeFi activities like liquidity pools or lending pools, where users contribute their assets to a shared pool for various purposes. So, while staking can involve pooled crypto, the concept of pooled crypto extends beyond just staking.

What is non-custodial staking?

Non-custodial staking refers to a method of staking cryptocurrencies where you maintain control over your own funds throughout the staking process. In non-custodial staking, you don't need to transfer your coins to a third-party or platform to participate in staking. Instead, you retain ownership of your crypto assets in your personal wallet while still being able to stake them directly on the blockchain network. This approach provides individuals with greater control and security over their funds, as they don't rely on a custodian to hold their assets. Non-custodial staking aligns with the principles of decentralization and allows users to maintain autonomy over their cryptocurrencies while actively participating in staking and earning rewards.

Can staking provide voting rights?

Yes, staking can provide voting rights in certain blockchain networks. Some cryptocurrencies and blockchain platforms offer a governance system where stakers have the ability to participate in decision-making processes. By staking their coins, individuals can earn the right to vote on proposals, protocol upgrades, or other important matters related to the network's operations. This allows stakers to have a say in the development and governance of the blockchain ecosystem. Voting rights through staking contribute to a more democratic and inclusive environment where participants can actively shape the future of the network. However, it's important to note that not all cryptocurrencies or staking protocols include voting rights, so it's worth researching and understanding the specific features of each blockchain network before engaging in staking for voting purposes.

Disclaimer: The content provided on this website is for informational purposes only and does not constitute financial, tax, or accounting advice. This information is intended to be used as a general guide and is not meant to replace professional advice. You should not act or refrain from acting on the basis of any content included in this site without seeking financial or other professional advice on the particular facts and circumstances at issue from an advisor licensed in your jurisdiction. We expressly disclaim all liability in respect to actions taken or not taken based on any or all the contents of this site. We encourage you to consult your personal financial advisor, tax consultant, or accountant before making any financial decisions.

More from our blog
We use cookies to analyse the use of this website. For more information, please see our Cookie Policy.