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An exchange is a platform where cryptocurrencies can be bought, sold, or traded.

A cryptocurrency exchange is a digital marketplace where traders can buy and sell cryptocurrencies using different fiat currencies or altcoins. Cryptocurrency exchanges are online platforms that act as an intermediary between buyers and sellers of the cryptocurrency. They provide a range of services including cryptocurrency to cryptocurrency transactions, fiat to cryptocurrency transactions, and vice versa. Some of the most well-known exchanges include Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken. There are also decentralized exchanges (DEXs) like Uniswap and Sushiswap that allow for direct peer-to-peer cryptocurrency transactions without the need for an intermediary.

Exchanges can be classified into 2 main categories:

  1. Centralized Exchanges (CEXs): These platforms, like Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken, operate much like traditional stock exchanges, with the platform acting as an intermediary in the transactions. Users place orders to buy or sell, and the exchange matches these orders. These exchanges often provide additional services, such as wallet storage, and usually have rigorous security measures in place.
  2. Decentralized Exchanges (DEXs): As you mentioned, platforms like Uniswap and Sushiswap are decentralized exchanges. They facilitate direct peer-to-peer transactions via smart contracts, removing the need for an intermediary. DEXs offer a high level of privacy and are often cheaper to use because there's no middleman to take a cut. However, they can be less user-friendly than traditional exchanges and often offer fewer protections if something goes wrong.



Trading and Markets
Crypto Basics
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