About us

HIFO (Highest In, First Out)

HIFO is an asset management and valuation method where assets acquired or produced that have the highest value are sold, used or disposed of first. In the context of crypto accounting, this method can be used to calculate the cost basis of a cryptocurrency holding, which could potentially minimize taxable gains.

In simple terms, this method means that among all the items you've bought over time, you sell the ones that cost you the most first. In terms of financial management, this can be beneficial for minimizing taxable gains because you're selling off the items with the highest cost basis first.

The HIFO method can be beneficial in tax planning as it minimizes the taxable gains by selling off the assets that cost the most first. However, it requires meticulous record-keeping, especially if you have a large number of transactions.


Example with Electronic Gadgets:

  1. Suppose you're a tech enthusiast. You bought a high-end laptop in 2021 for $2,000.
  2. Later in 2022, seeing a good deal, you bought a similar laptop model, but this time for $1,500.
  3. Now, you decide to sell one of the laptops for $2,200.
  4. Using the HIFO method, you'd assume that the laptop you're selling is the one you bought for the higher price, i.e., $2,000 in 2021. So, your profit (or capital gain for tax purposes) would be $200 ($2,200 selling price - $2,000 purchase cost).

This approach, selling the more expensive item first, would minimize your taxable income compared to if you had sold the cheaper one, resulting in a larger gain.

Example with Bitcoin:

  1. Let's say you bought 1 Bitcoin in January for $30,000.
  2. In February, when the price rose, you bought another Bitcoin for $35,000.
  3. Now, in March, Bitcoin's price increases further, and you decide to sell 1 Bitcoin for $40,000.
  4. With the HIFO method, you consider that the Bitcoin you're selling is the one that cost you the most, i.e., the one you bought in February for $35,000. So, your profit (or capital gain) would be $5,000 ($40,000 selling price - $35,000 purchase cost).


General Accounting
Crypto Accounting
Crypto Taxes
Related Articles