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Maker and Taker fees

Maker and taker fees are paid by traders to crypto exchanges. Makers add liquidity to the market and are charged with maker fees. Takers take liquidity out of the market and are charged with taker fees. These fees can impact the cost basis of crypto trades.

Cryptocurrency exchanges charge maker and taker fees to ensure the smooth operation of the trading platform and incentivize market liquidity. These fees play a vital role in balancing the interests of traders and maintaining an efficient and liquid marketplace. By comprehending the dynamics of maker and taker fees, traders can make informed decisions and adapt their strategies to minimize costs and maximize returns.

Maker Fees and Their Role

Maker fees are transaction fees charged by cryptocurrency exchanges to individuals who add liquidity to the market by placing limit orders. When traders place limit orders that are not immediately matched with existing orders, they contribute to the order book and create liquidity. Maker fees are the fees paid by these liquidity providers.

How Maker Fees are Applied

When a trader places a limit order that adds liquidity to the order book, and that order is not immediately matched with an existing order, the trader is considered a maker. If a subsequent trade is executed against their order, the maker is charged a maker fee. This fee compensates the exchange for the opportunity cost of the maker's order remaining in the order book.

Benefits of Maker Fees

Maker fees serve several important purposes in the trading ecosystem:

  • Incentivizing Liquidity Provision: By offering reduced or even zero maker fees, exchanges encourage traders to provide liquidity to the market. This incentivizes the creation of a healthy and vibrant order book, enhancing market depth and facilitating smoother trading operations.
  • Promoting Market Efficiency: Maker fees encourage traders to place limit orders rather than market orders. Limit orders allow for more precise price control and reduce the potential impact of large market orders on market prices. This promotes market efficiency and stability.
  • Rewarding Active Traders: Traders who actively contribute to the liquidity of the market by placing limit orders benefit from reduced trading costs through lower maker fees. This incentivizes active trading and market participation.

Taker Fees and Their Significance

Taker fees are transaction fees charged by cryptocurrency exchanges to individuals who execute trades by taking liquidity from the existing orders in the order book. Unlike makers who add liquidity, takers remove liquidity from the market. Taker fees are the fees paid by these traders.

How Taker Fees are Applied

When a trader places a market order or a limit order that is immediately matched with an existing order in the order book, they are considered a taker. Takers pay taker fees for the privilege of executing trades against the available liquidity in the market. These fees compensate the exchange for facilitating the trade and providing the necessary infrastructure for order matching.

Implications of Taker Fees on Transaction Costs

Taker fees have several implications on transaction costs and trading strategies:

  • Transaction Cost Calculation: Taker fees directly contribute to the overall transaction cost for traders. They increase the effective price of the purchased or sold cryptocurrencies, impacting the profitability of trades. Traders who prefer to execute market orders for instant trades are more likely to incur taker fees. Market orders are executed at the prevailing market prices and are often subject to higher taker fees due to immediate order matching.
  • Impact on High-Frequency Traders: High-frequency traders who rely on quick and frequent trades may incur substantial taker fees due to their trading volume. Managing and minimizing taker fees is crucial for maintaining profitability in such trading strategies.
  • Consideration in Trading Strategies: Traders need to factor in taker fees when formulating their trading strategies. These fees can influence the choice between market orders and limit orders and may impact the frequency and size of trades to optimize overall transaction costs.


Fee Structure and Purpose Trading Strategy Alignment Impact on Trading Profitability
Maker Fees Applied to individuals who provide liquidity by placing limit orders Aligns with strategies involving adding liquidity through limit orders Can contribute to enhanced trading profitability for liquidity providers
Taker Fees Charged to traders who execute trades by taking liquidity from existing orders in the order book Relevant for traders who prefer quick and immediate execution, such as scalpers or high-frequency trading strategies Generally higher than maker fees, impacting trading profitability
Summary Maker fees incentivize liquidity provision and contribute to market stability and efficiency Maker fees align well with strategies involving adding liquidity, while taker fees cater to quick execution Lower maker fees can enhance trading profitability, while higher taker fees impact overall trading costs and profits


Trading and Markets
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